Gujarat’s Rani-ki-Vav Recognised as World Heritage Site
Rani-ki-Vav’, an 11th century step-well in Gujarat, has been approved as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO which described it as “exceptional example of technological development” in utilising ground water resources. Rani-ki-Vav, a unique type of Indian subterranean architectural structure, marks the zenith in the evolution of step-wells in India, it said, adding that it is a particularly large and complex example of a step=well with seven storeys of ornamented panels of sculptures and relief representing the height of the Maru-Gurjara style.
Following the flooding and disappearance of the Saraswati River due to geotectonic changes, the property was buried under layers of silt for almost seven centuries and has been preserved underneath in an exceptional state of conservation by the Archaeological Survey of India.
There are already 30 World Heritage Sites in India — 24 Cultural sites and six Natural properties. The Gujarat’s step-well will be the 31st such site in the country.